Constructing a climbing wall Safety, standards & maintenance Working with Pyramide  
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a climbing wall
 
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Crash / Landing surfaces
 
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Crash / Landing surface
quote
Indoor walls
Pyramide recommends to use gymnastic crash mats (20 to 30 cm = 1') to :
- offer a crash surface during the climbing sessions
- conceal access to the wall outside normal climbing hours (the mats are then folded vertically against the climbing surface and secured with straps) and to protect the people participating in other sports from banging into the wall features in multipurpose sport halls
Climbing walls with no belay points (boulders)
Pyramide recommends to use landing mats (40 cm = 16") and to make sure to have matting surface at least 4 meters (13') in front of the most overhanging wall portion
Outdoor walls
Pyramide recommends making a 30 cm (1') deep crash recess filled with uniformly sized gravel (10/15mm = 3/8") up to 3 m (10') in front of the largest overhang of the wall.
Pyramide is presently a member of the standards committee for crash surfaces for climbing walls. There is no existing standard to date.
  Pyramide 's recommendation
 
When using separate mats, they must be linked together to offer a continuous crash area and it is important that each mat has its own built-in straps to be used separately when needed.
 
 
Gravel area
Crash mats